The study of The Acts of Sin versus Fruit of the Spirit in Galatians 5:19-23 is found in the Life Change Series Galatians book on pages 109-112. The study guide suggests that a good way to clarify the precise meanings of the terms is through the use of a Bible dictionary. While we also recommend a Bible dictionary, we provided the class with a summary of these words from two sources; The NIV Student Bible, Zondervan, 1984 and The Interpreters’ Bible, vol. 10, pages 560-569, 1953. To assist our group, the list compares three (3) Scriptural versions of the terms as provided by the resources. The Scriptural versions are The New International Version (NIV), The King James Version (KJV) and the Revised Standard Version (RSV). The group had a healthy discussion on the terms and gained much insight. We are providing a copy of the information from the group lesson in hopes that our research will also help you to better understand the terms, and assist in proving a greater understanding of this these verses.
1. Sexual Immorality (NIV), Fornication (KJV), Immorality (RSV) – Acts of sinful nature are obvious (NIV), …the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these (KJV)(adultery-KJV), the works of the flesh are plain: (RSV) – The words mean “Prostitution” but include sexual vice and unfaithfulness to marriage vow.
2. Impurity (NIV), Uncleanness (KJV), Impurity (RSV) – Acts of sinful nature are obvious (NIV), …the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these (KJV), the works of the flesh are plain: (RSV) – Moral impurity of Every Kind. Starts with sexual vice and includes all that defiles the heart and distracts from right living.
3. Debauchery (NIV), Lasciviousness (KJV), Licentiousness (RSV) – Acts of sinful nature are obvious (NIV), …the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these (KJV), the works of the flesh are plain: (RSV) – Wantonness, Conduct marked by unrestrained violence and willfulness. Idolatry to the Jews was the source of all other sins and penalties (Romans 1:18-32). “It is the work of the flesh to through human natures to create its god in its own image and according to its own desire, constructing a theology to rationalize the way it is living and meant to keep on living.(TIB #10 page 562)
4. Witchcraft (NIV), Witchcraft (KJV), Sorcery (RSV) – Based in drug use to , it was the human nature’s attempt to compel God to do its bidding instead of praying as Jesus did, “Thy will be done.” Paul spiritual Arithmetic is miracles minus love equal zero. (TIB #10 page 562)
5. Hatred (NIV), Hatred (KJV), Enmity (RSV) – – Feelings of hatred toward God and man. Love server, hatred enslaves and destroys.
6. Discord (NIV), Variance (KJV), Strife (RSV) – Man’s hostile-mindedness that grows from competition.
7. Jealousy (NIV), Emulations (KJV), Jealousy (RSV) – Passionately Selfish.
8. Fits of Rage (NIV), Wrath (KJV), Anger (RSV) – Anger easily provoked and quickly turning into rage.
9. Selfish Ambition (NIV), Strife (KJV), Selfishness (RSV) – Selfish Ambitions that lead to strife.
10. Dissensions (NIV), Seditions (KJV), Dissension (RSV) – Seditions are political terms of matters of state. Quarrels which threatening the body of Christ.
11. Fractions and Envy (NIV), Heresies (KJV), party spirit (RSV) – Different opinions can be healthy or they can become divisive where they are selfish and divisive.
12. Drunkenness (NIV), reveling (KJV), carousing (RSV) – Stone Drink and keeping Company with others in Darkness
13. Orgies (NIV) – Flesh works
Fruit of the Spirit
1. Love (NIV) –[agape] – Means “Affection and benevolence – Paul’s three elements of agape love are esteem, devotion and mutuality. Love can’t be commanded. The identical harvest by which plants, animal, and spiritual being reproduces “after its kind”, Love Produces Love.
2. Joy (NIV) – Inseparable from love and impossible without it. “The joy that was the fruit of the Spirit sprang from a life that was gracious and kind, full of good will, gracious to impart itself to others, glad when they accepted and rejoiced with it, but forgiving, and still singing, when man rejected and persecuted it. To rejoice amid the worse circumstances. (Phil 4:11)
3. Peace (NIV) – Greek (“harmony”), Hebrew (“shalom”) . The Hebrew word expresses “total well-being,” “soundness,” “prosperity,” “success” that renders a person “well off” spiritually and materially, and made life good and the world safe for goodness (The Interpreters’ Bible, vol. 10, page 567). See Phil 4:7 – Not exempt from storms or shipwreck but by faith knowing you will arrive in port. (Acts 27:21-25).
4. Patience (NIV), long-suffering (KJV), patience (RSV) – This is a condition for the fruit of the Spirit to be produced. (2 Cor. 6:3-10) Suffering without retaliation, imitating the kindness of God.
5. Kindness (NIV), gentleness (KJV), kindness (RSV) – I Cor. 13: “Love is patient and kind” Applied to persons signifies “goodness,” ”honesty,” ”kindness,” “excellence of character.” God was rich in kindness, while which he manifested throughout the ages by leading sinners to repentance (Romans 2:4) and Christ kindness of removing the yoke of sin and the law (Matt. 11:29-30).
6. Goodness (NIV) – The Hebrew word translates to “Goodness,” “righteousness’” “prosperity’” and “kindness.” (Romans 15:14) The Christian must not only be good, but be good for something: to let his light shine, to be worthy of his call and his calling, to teach men the knowledge of God, and to bring the ideals of the Spirit into fruition in everyday life. The Interpreter’s Bible, 1953, Vol. 10, Vol. 10, page 568.)
7. Faithfulness (NIV) , faith (KJV), faithfulness (RSV) – See Gal 3:11 (Hab. 2:4)(You can’t have one without the other – believing and doing) Believing without doing God’s will is as impossible as fruit bearing when branches are separated from the vine. The Interpreter’s Bible, 1935, Vol. 10,Vol. 10, page 569.)
8. Gentleness (NIV), meekness (KJV), gentleness (RSV) – “Modesty,” “gentleness,” and “courtesy are flavors of the fruit. Christians must estimate himself soberly, count others better than himself and treat them graciously as Christ has treated him (Rom. 12:3; Col. 3:13)
9. Self-Control (NIV), temperance (KJV), self-control (RSV) – Guarding for temperance and self-control. Guarding against drunkenness, reveling, all flesh-works, not giving free rein to one’s impulses and desires, lawful or not lawful. Everything to Paul is subject to three teat: Is it constructive? Is it helpful? Is it to the Glory of God (Cor. 10:23, 31)