Michal -22 Points for Bible Study, April 16, 2016

Key Scriptures:  I Samuel 18:20-29; 19:11-17; 2 Samuel 6:16-23.

  1. Her name means: ” Who is like God?”
  2. Her Character:  A woman of strong emotions, she was unable to control the important circumstances of her life.  Forcibly separated from two husbands, she lost her father and her brother, who were savaged by their enemies.
  3. Michal was the younger daughter of King Saul.  “Saul’s sons were Johnathan,  Ishvi, and Malki-Shua.  The name of his older daughter was Merab, and that of the younger daughter was Michal.” (I Samuel 14:49)
  4. Michal’s mother name was not found.  His, (King Saul’s) wife’s name was Ahinoam daughter of Ahimaaz. (I Samuel 14:50). There was no indication that Ahinoam was Michal’s mother.
  5. David enters the scene as a musician/harpest, who became Saul’s armor-bearer. ( I Samuel 16:14-23)
  6. The Philistines were at war with the Israelites, Goliath was terrifying the Israelites with his stature, his taunts, and his record as a champion warrior. ( I Samuel 17: 1-16, 23-25)
  7. It was reported to David by the Israelites: ” The king will give great wealth to the man who kills him(Goliath).  He will also give him his daughter in marriage and exempt his father’s family from taxes in Israel.”(I Samuel 17:25-27)
  8. King Saul promised his oldest daughter, Merab, to David in marriage if he agreed to fight the Philistines, He wished for David to be killed by the Philistines because he had become jealous/afraid of David. (See I Samuel 18: 6-19).
  9. David refused to become King Saul’s son-in-law at that time. (I Samuel 18:18
  10. Saul gave the older daughter to someone else in marriage. (1 Samuel 18:19).
  11. Michal loved David (I Samuel 18:20-30), which pleased her father.  This is reported to be  ” the only instance in all biblical narrative in which we are explicitly told that a woman loves a  man”( The Art of Biblical Narrative, p. 118; cf. similarly Adele Berlin, “Characterization in Biblical Narrative: David’s Wives,” JSOT 23 (1982).
  12. Michal was used by her father, King Saul to ensnare David, which backfired. ( I Samuel  18:28-29).
  13. Michal’s brother becomes an ally for David. (I Samuel 19:1-8.)
  14. Michal warned David and helped him escape when Saul sent men to David’s house to kill him. (I Samuel 19:11 – 17).
  15. ” Saul said to Michal, ” Why did you deceive me like this and send my  enemy away so that he escaped?”  Michal told him, “He said to me, Let me get away.  Why should I kill you?” ( I Samuel 19:17).
  16. But Saul had given his daughter Michal, David’s wife to Paltiel, son of  Laish, who was from Gallim. ( I Samuel 25:44).
  17. Michal is returned to David.  13.  “Good,” said David. “I will make an agreement with you.  But I demand one thing of you: Do not come into my presence unless you bring Michal, daughter of Saul when you come to see me.”  14.Then David sent  to Ish-Bosheth son of Saul, demanding, “Give me my  wife Michal, whom I betrothed to myself for a price of a hundred Philistine foreskins.”  15. So Ish-Bosheth gave orders and had her taken away from her husband, Paltiel son of Laish.  16.  Her husband, however, went with her, weeping behind her all the way to Bahurim.  Then Abner said to him, “Go back home!” So he went back. ( 2 Samuel 3:13-15)
  18. David Becomes King Over Israel.  1. All the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, “We are your own flesh and blood. 2.  In the past, while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns.  And the Lord said to you, “You will shepherd my people Israel and you will become their ruler. 3.  When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron,  the king made a compact with them at Hebron before the Lord, and they anointed David king over Israel.  (2 Samuel 5:1-3, NIV)
  19. The Ark Brought to Jerusalem. 1.  David again brought, the Lord together out of Israel  chosen men, thirty thousand in all. 2. He and all his men set out for Baalam of Judah to bring up from there the ark of God, which is called by the Name, the name of the Lord Almighty, who is enthroned between the cherubim that are on the ark. of God on a new cart and brought it from the house of Abinadab, which was on the hill. Uzzah and Ahio, sons of Abinadab, were guiding the new cart with the ark of God on it, and Ahio was walking in front of it. David and the whole house of Israel were celebrating with all their might before the Lord, with songs and with harps, lyres, tambourines, sistrums and cymbals.( 2 Samuel 6:1-5)
  20. Michal Dispised David. As the ark of the Lord was entering the City of David, Michal, daughter of Saul watched from a window.  And when she saw King David leaping and dancing before the Lord, she dispised him in her heart. (2 Samuel 6: 16)
  21. Michal Confronts King David.20.  When David returned home to bless his household, Michal daughter of Saul came out to meet him and said,” How the king of Israel has distinguished himself today, disrobing in the sight of the slave girls and servants as any vulgar fellow would.” (2 Samuel 6:20)
  22.  Michal had no children.  And Michal daughter of Saul had no children to the day of her death.  (2 Samuel 6:23)

Sources:

1. The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, Volume 3, The Zondervan Corporation, 1992.

2. The Holy Bible, New International Version, The Zondervan Corporation, 1973.

3. Syswerda, Jean E, Women of the Bible, The Zondervan Corporation, 1999.

 

 

 

 

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The Wise Woman of Abel Beth Maacah

Points and Scripture for  Bible Study September 26, 2015

2 Samuel 20:2, 6-7, 14-22

  • Rather than passively waiting for someone else to save her city, she had the wisdom and courage to act quickly and decisively
  • All the men of Israel deserted King David to follow Sheba, son of Bicri
  • David said to Abishai, “Take your master’s men and pursue him, or he will find fortified cities and escape from us.”
  • All the troops with Joab came and besieged Sheba in Abel Beth Maacah.
  • A wise woman bargained with Joab to save the city of Abel Beth Maacah. She bargained for the lives of the inhabitants of Abel Beth Maacah.
  • Joab acknowledged that his troops were not trying to destroy the City of Abel Beth Maacah. They were only after Sheba, son of Bivri.
  • The woman said to Joab, “his head will be thrown to you from the wall.”
  • Then the woman went to all of the people with her wise advice.
  • They cut off the head of Sheba son of Bicri and threw it to Joab.
  • Joab sounded the trumpet, and his men dispersed from the city, each returning to his home.

2 Samuel 20:2, 6-7, 14-22

2 So all the men of Israel deserted David to follow Sheba son of Bicri. But the men of Judah stayed by their king all the way from the Jordan to Jerusalem.

6 David said to Abishai, “Now Sheba son of Bicri will do us more harm than Absalom did. Take your master’s men and pursue him, or he will find fortified cities and escape us.

7 So Joab’s men and the Kerithites and Pelethites and all the mighty warriors went out under the command of Abishai. They marched out from Jerusalem to pursue Sheba son of Bicri.

14 Sheba passed through all the tribes of Israel to Abel Beth Maakah and through the entire region of the Bikrites,[b] who gathered together and followed him. 15 All the troops with Joab came and besieged Sheba in Abel Beth Maakah. They built a siege ramp up to the city, and it stood against the outer fortifications. While they were battering the wall to bring it down, 16 a wise woman called from the city, “Listen! Listen! Tell Joab to come here so I can speak to him.” 17 He went toward her, and she asked, “Are you Joab?”

“I am,” he answered.

She said, “Listen to what your servant has to say.”

“I’m listening,” he said.

18 She continued, “Long ago they used to say, ‘Get your answer at Abel,’ and that settled it. 19 We are the peaceful and faithful in Israel. You are trying to destroy a city that is a mother in Israel. Why do you want to swallow up the Lord’s inheritance?”

20 “Far be it from me!” Joab replied, “Far be it from me to swallow up or destroy! 21 That is not the case. A man named Sheba son of Bikri, from the hill country of Ephraim, has lifted up his hand against the king, against David. Hand over this one man, and I’ll withdraw from the city.”

The woman said to Joab, “His head will be thrown to you from the wall.”

22 Then the woman went to all the people with her wise advice, and they cut off the head of Sheba son of Bikri and threw it to Joab. So he sounded the trumpet, and his men dispersed from the city, each returning to his home. And Joab went back to the king in Jerusalem.The second of two “wise women” portrayed in 2 Samuel lived in a fortified city in northern Israel. More straightforwardly than the story of the wise woman of Tekoa (2 Samuel 14), this narrative depicts what must have been typical leadership activities of a woman in this accepted position against the larger political tensions of David’s reign.

  1. The NIV Study Bible, Zondervan, 1995. (All Scriptures)
  2. Women of the Bible, 52 Bible Studies for Individuals and Groups, Jean E. Syswerda, Zondervan 1999.

Rizpah Bible Study – 10 Key Points for Bible Study 09/13/14

1.  Her name means, “A Hot Stone or Coal”.  (4, page199)

2.  Rizpah, concubine King Saul, is first mentioned in the Bible after Saul’s death, when one of Saul’s generals is accused of seducing her. ( 3, page 257)

3. Rizpah was the mother of Armoni and Mephibosheth.  Though a woman with few rights and little power, she displayed great courage and loyalty after  the death of her sons. (4 page 199).

4.  Joshua had promised to live in peace with the Gibeonites, but Saul had murdered many of them during his reign, attempting to annihilate them.  As a result of Saul’s oath-breaking, Israel suffered a famine for three years running. (4, page 200)

5. She (Rizpah) appears again later, near the end of David’s reign, during a three-year famine sent by God as punishmen for Saul’s massacre of the Gibeonites. (3, page 57)

6.  ( David ) the king took… the two sons of…Rizpah, whom she had borne to Saul, together with five sons of Saul’s daughter Merab…He handed them over to the Gibeonites, who killed and exposed them on a hill before the Lord. (5 page 111)

7.  Executed for their father’s crime, their bodies were left to rot on the hillside, despite a law requiring burial by sunset. (4,page 200)

8.  In her sorrow, Rizpah spread sackcloth for herself on a rock to keep watch over her dead sons until the harvest was finished and the rains came.  When David heard about this devoted mother, he buried her sons in a family tomb in Ephraim.  (3, page 258)

9. Her sorrow: That her only  sons were executed and their bodies dishonored because of their father’s crime.(4, page 199)

10.  Her Joy:  That the bodies of her sons were finally given an  honorable burial.  (4, page 199)

 
1. The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volume Four, In Four Volumes, Abingdon Press, New York 1962.
 2. The NIV Study Bible, Zondervan, 1995.
 3. Who’s Who in the Bible, An Illustrative Biographical Dictionary, Dietrich Gruen, Contributing Editor, Publications International, LTD., 1998.
 4. Women of the Bible,  One Year Devotional Study of Women in Scripture, Ann Spangler and Jean E. Syswerda, Zondervan, 2007.
5. Women of the Bible, 52 Bible Studies for Individuals and Groups, Jean E Syswerda, Zondervan, 1999
 
Announcement: The Ninth Anniversary Celebration & Pot Luck will be held with our Saturday Bible Study, September 27, 2017 at 4:00pm. Please contact Glenda for information at 727-542-4683.

Women of the Bible, Rizpha – September 13, 2014

Rizpha, is our eleventh study in our series from Women of the Bible, 52 Bible Studies for Individuals and Groups by Jean E Syswerda. The study of Rizpha is found on page 111. The Bible Study will meet 4:00p.m. to 6:00 p.m.

If you have not received your books for the study, please see Glenda. Remember that all materials are free as they are gifts to you from students participating in Homewords Small Group Bible Study Ministry. For information contact Glenda at 727-542-4683.

Announcement: The Ninth Anniversary Celebration & Pot Luck will be held with our Saturday Bible Study, September 27, 2017 at 4:00pm. Please contact Glenda for information at 727-542-4683.

Tamar Bible Study – 10 Key Points for Bible Study 08/23/2014

For our lesson of Tamar 2 Samuel 13:1 – 22, here are some important points. The points do not directly answer the questions on pages 103-106 of the text, but may help you in our discussion of the Saturday Bible Study 08/23/2014.

1. There were three (3) women named Tamar found in my research: The daughter-in-law of Judah, the daughter of David, and Absalom’s only daughter. (1. pp. 517-518) Our study will be restricted to Tamar, David’s daughter.

2. Her mother was Maacah daughter of Talmai. David’s marriage to Maacah undoubtedly had political implications. With Talmai as an ally on ish-Bosheth’s northern border. David flanked the northern kingdom both south and north.(2. 2 Samuel 3:3, NIV, footnote).

3. Daughter of David, sister of Absalom (2 Samuel 13:1).

4. Her name means, ” Date Tree or “Palm Tree.”(Text, pg. 103.)

5. Her character: Tamar shared her father David’s good looks. Young and innocent, she was naïve to the danger that threatened from her own family. (Text, pg. 103).

6. Raped by her half-brother Amnon. (2 Samuel 13:2-21).

7. Then Amnon hated her with an intense hatred. In fact, he hated her more than he had loved her. Amnon said to her, “Get up and get out!”. The rape was avenged by Absalom, her full-brother (2 Samuel 13:23-33).

8. Tamar put ashes on her head and tore the ornamented robe she was wearing. She put hand on her head and went away weeping aloud as she went. (2 Samuel 13:19)

9 . Tamar lived in her brother Absalom’s house, a desolate woman. (2 Samuel 13:20).

10. Her sorrow: That her half-brother saw her only as an object for his lust, destroying her future as a result, and that her father, the king, did nothing to protect her. (Text pg. 185)

Text: Women of the Bible, 52 Bible Studies for individuals and Groups, Jean E. Syswerda, Zondervan, 1999.

Other references:

1. The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volume Four, In Four Volumes, Abingdon Press, New York 1962.

2. The NIV Study Bible, Zondervan, 1995.

3. Women of the Bible,  One Year Devotional Study of Women in Scripture, Ann Spangler and Jean E. Syswerda, Zondervan, 2007.

Women of the Bible, Tamar, Daughter of King David – August 23, 2014

Tamar, Daughter of King David is our tenth study in our series from Women of the Bible, 52 Bible Studies for Individuals and Groups by Jean E Syswerda. The study of Tamar, Daughter of King David is found on page 103. 6:00 p.m.

If you have not received your books for the study, please see Glenda. Remember that all materials are free as they are gifts to you from students participating in Homewords Small Group Bible Study Ministry. For information contact Glenda at 727-542-4683.

Bathsheba Bible Study- 10 Key Points for Bible Study 08/16/2014

For our lesson of Bathsheba 2 Samuel 11:1 – 12:25, here are some important points. The points do not directly answer the questions on pages 99-102 of the text, but may help you in our discussion of the Saturday Bible Study 08/16/2014.

1. Her name means “The Seventh Daughter” or ” The Daughter of an Oath” (Women of the Bible pg.99)

2. Her Beauty made her a victim of a king’s desire. (Women pg. 99)

3. The wife of Uriah, the Hittite, and daughter of Eliam. (2 Samuel 11:3)

4. She committed adultery with David. ( 2 Samuel 11:4)

5. She became the wife of David after Uriah was killed. (2 Samuel 11:14-25)

6. She mourned the death of her husband. (2 Samuel 11:26)

7. After becoming the wife of David, she bore him a son. (2 Samuel 11:27)

8. Her first child died. (2 Samuel 12:13-23)

9. She becomes the mother of Solomon. (2 Samuel 12: 24-25)

10. She influenced David to make Solomon king. (I Kings 1:11-31)

Text: Women of the Bible, 52 Bible Studies for individuals and Groups, Jean E. Syswerda, Zondervan, 1999.

Other references:

1. The NIV Study Bible, Zondervan, 1995.

2. Women of the Bible,  One Year Devotional Study of Women in Scripture, Ann Spangler and Jean E. Syswerda, Zondervan, 2007.